This is an informative article and is not intended for self analysis or self treatment.
Ayurveda is the most ancient science of Healing. It is appropriately called “The science of life”. Ayurveda establishes the fact that we are the miniature versions of nature (Microcosm). The results of the forces of Nature (Macrocosm) to Initiate, Create, Sustain and re-create (which is the result of destruction and the subsequent creation of a new form) apply to us too.
Everything in nature is made up of 5 basic elements. These are;
1. ETHER 2. AIR 3. FIRE 4. WATER 5. EARTH
It is the combination of these 5 elements (Panchamahabhutas) that transform matter into various states or densities and give them their attributes. For example: the elements can be in the following states;
a. Etheric b. Gaseous c. Vibrant (as in heating) or Radiant
d. Fluid e. Solid
Each of these 5 elements possess their own characteristics which subsequently decide the Shape, Density, Colour, and Odour of objects. By virtue of their qualities, these 5 elements when grouped specifically form the elements or energies that control the forces of Creation, Sustenance and Destruction.
These elements through an “Intelligent Creative Force bring about the Physical nature that we can See, Feel, Perceive and Smell “. The intelligence factor in these elements form the ‘SUBJECTIVE ASPECT’ and the Physical manifestations form the ‘OBJECTIVE ASPECT’ respectively.
This gives the meaning to the creation and existence of these elements.
Most of the SYMPTOMS have a Predominantly subtle component that forms the Subjective. Therefore, The Subjective aspect becomes THE CAUSE which is responsible for the Objective Aspect (THE EFFECT) to manifest.
In Human Beings, The Subtle is the MIND and the gross is the BODY.
A combination of these 5 elements forms the 3 basic humors called
1. Vata (The force for Propulsion)
2. Pitta (The power for Transformation) and
3. Kapha (The Strength to Sustain)
A combination of these humors in man at the time of birth is called the ‘PRAKRUTI” or the original constitution. As a man grows up, he is conditioned by his environment to think, reason, analyze and act in a certain fashion. Also, his food habits and lifestyle patterns in addition to the above factors become predominantly responsible in changing the Prakruti. An altered constitution thus prevails in man which is called the “VIKRUTI“.
The digression that happens from Prakruti to Vikruti brings about various changes in both the Mental and Physical characteristics in the individual. This is also the cause for the ailments to manifest in the individual.
Depending upon the strength of the original constitution and also the flow of energies in the body, different individuals can suffer similar ailments at various stages of life.
Though the symptoms may look similar, the cause of these ailments can vary depending on their Prakruti and the current Vikruti.
We shall now examine the Subjective (Subtle) and Objective (Gross) aspects of the specific combination of these elements;
1. VATA (COMBINATION OF ETHER and AIR) –
Basic Quality – Vata represents mobility or movement. Due to its nature, it brings destruction to stable forms and changes the very nature and characteristics of the objects it acts upon. The Characteristics of Vata are Cold, Rough, Mobile, Light and Agitation.
Effect in our Body –
Mental Characteristics – Highly Creative, Fluctuating Priorities, Inability to concentrate for a long time, Impulsive, Indecisive, Sensitive, Forgetful, Fearful, Insecure, Anxious.
Physical Characteristics – Vata results in Movement of Limbs, Muscles and Tissue Movements, Respiration, Heartbeat, Movement of Energy (basically Prana), Circulation of Blood and Nutrition, Elimination of waste.
Place in the Body – Vata is present in the Large Intestine.
Identified with – Gas in the Large intestine.
Problems due to imbalance in Vata –
Note: All the Symptoms noted below need not be necessarily present or applicable for Vata dosha alone and should not be taken literally. It also depends on the predominant energies ruling the constitution currently present (Vikruti) which is suffering the Vata dosha. Seek appropriate professional advice.
Aggravation of Vata in the Mind and Body leads to – Feeling light in the head and Dizziness, Fear & anxiety, Unstable, Indecisive, Confused, Impulsive, Excitable, Lack of Concentration, Rushed decisions that are regretted later on, Sensitive, Highly Emotional, Spiking Blood Pressure, Excessive Chattering of the Mind, Speaking fast and switching to Irrelevant topics, Exaggerated, Forgetful, Agitated Movements, Sharp Pain, Roughness of Skin, Dark pigmentation on the skin, Irregular Appetite, Frequent Belching and passing of wind from the rectum, Premature Ejaculation, Impotency, No strength in maintaining Erection, High Sex drive but low energy and sustainence, Low quality and quantity of Semen, Pain and Stiffness in the Lower back, Shifting Pains or Stiffness of both Limbs and Muscles, Feeling of Bloatedness of Fingers, or in the Abdomen, Painful Menstruation with cramps, Irregular Menstruation, Menopause, Pain in joints and Cracking, Hair Fall, Dandruff, Nervous Disorders, Vertigo.
Deficiency of Vata in the Mind and Body leads to – Grief, Lack Of Enthusiasm, Confusion Of Perception, Sorrow, Sadness, Depression, Loss of Consciousness, Insomnia, Low Blood Pressure, Decreased secretion of both digestive enzymes as well as semen, Low energy levels, Irritable, Feeling of Constriction in the throat, Weak Immune system, Will Cry Easily, Low ability to identify smell.
2. PITTA (COMBINATION OF FIRE and WATER) –
Basic Quality – Pitta represents transformation due to the influence of heat. The break down of food, release of essential nutrients and the subsequent assimilation of these nutrients into our blood stream in the large intestine happens because of Pitta. Pitta is responsible for transformation, growth, productivity, etc.
Effect in our Body –
Mental Characteristics – Intelligence, Desires, Fulfillment of Desires, Memory, Comprehension, Understanding, Assimilation of Information, Ego, Mental Sharpness, Enthusiasm, Energy.
Physical Characteristics – Digestion, Absorption, Assimilation, Maintaining the Digestive Fire, Regulates Blood and Blood Chemistry, Formation of Red Blood Corpuscles, Gives Colouring to Blood, Pigmentation on the surface of Skin giving it a healthy glow, Proper Vision and the working of the Retina, Ability to maintain Erection for longer time, Better quality of Semen.
Place in the Body – Pitta is present in the Stomach and the Small Intestines, Stomach, Pancreas, Liver, Spleen, and Eyes.
Identified with – Acid in the Stomach as well as the Small Intestine.
Problems due to imbalance in Pitta –
Note: All the Symptoms noted below need not be necessarily present or applicable for Pitta dosha alone and should not be taken literally. It also depends on the predominant energies ruling the constitution currently present (Vikruti) which is suffering the Pitta dosha. Seek appropriate professional advice.
Aggravation of Pitta in the Mind and Body leads to – Bloated Ego, Unreasonable and Uncompromising Behaviour, Dominating, Rude, High Self Esteem, Confidence and Courage, Hallucination, Anger, Irritation, Frustration, Righteous Indignation, High Blood Pressure, Nausea and Bilious vomiting, Jaundice, Hyper Acidity, Gall Stones, Chronic Fatigue, High Cholesterol, Yellow Colour of Iris, Migraines, Red Flushed Skin, Diarrhea with burning in the rectum, Loose Stools, Burning in Urination and while passing Stools, Relatively good Sex drive and Sustainence, Semen having the qualities of Pitta, Strong acidic smell in urine, Dark Yellow urination, Acne, Rashes, Strong smell of Sweat, Hot Flashes, Bloodshot Eyes, Burning eruption of boils on the Scalp, Irritable Bowels, Colitis, Heavy flow during first two days of Menstruation, Ulcers, Eczema, Pus formation, Conjunctivitis, Burning in the Eyes, Pain in the nerves.
Deficiency of Pitta in the Mind and Body leads to – Lack of Concentration and Attention, Lack of Decisiveness, Suicidal Tendencies, Lack of Enthusiasm, Lethargy, Excessive Sleep, Low Self Esteem, Anemia, Low Acid formation, Slow assimilation and Absorption of food, Malabsorption, Chronic Fatigue, Feeling of Bloatedness, Paleness of Skin.
3. KAPHA (COMBINATION OF WATER and EARTH) –
Basic Quality – Kapha gives form and stability to the body. Kapha is responsible for Growth, Sustenance, Giving form, and Formation of Muscle mass, Density of Bones, Formation of Flesh and Fat.
Effect in our Body –
Mental Characteristics – Stores the sensory perceptions. Digestion and accumulation of knowledge, Sense perception of the Sense organs, Memory Retention, Calmness, Peace, Tranquility.
Physical Characteristics – Moistening of Food, Regulating the initial process of digestion, Formation of Plasma, Lubrication of Joints, Formation of Muscles and Fat tissues, Formation of the Reproductive tissues, Good Sex drive and Sustainenece, Secretion of Mucus for the protection of intestinal walls.
Place in the Body – Chest, Throat, Head, Joints, Sides of the Body, Stomach, Lymph, Fat, Nose and Tongue.
Identified with – Mucus produced in the Stomach, Intestines and Lungs.
Problems due to imbalance in Pitta –
Note: All the Symptoms noted below need not be necessarily present or applicable for Kapha dosha alone and should not be taken literally. It also depends on the predominant energies ruling the constitution currently present (Vikruti) which is suffering the Kapha dosha. Seek appropriate professional advice.
Aggravation of Kapha in the Mind and Body leads to – Inability to comprehend, Slow Thinking, Slow to React, Dull Digestion, Obesity, Water Retention, Diabetes, Pneumonia, Bronchitis, Very slow movements, Excess secretion in the mouth, Sensitivity to Sugar, Lethargy, Sinus Congestion, Dull Headaches, Excessive sleeping, Slimy stools because of mucus, Whitish Urine with lots of froth.
Deficiency of Kapha in the Mind and Body leads to – Lack of sense perception in the sense organs, Dizziness, Mental Fatigue, Blisters in the mouth, Ulcers in the intestines, Pain and Tightness in the Middle back.
To be Continued……..